Germany for dummies

Germany

Beriech: District within an anbaugebiet

Alleinbesitz: Monopole

Einzellage: Individual vineyard site

 

Riesling and spatburgunder(pinot noir) are the most planted varietals

 

Muller-thurgau was created to replace silvaner

 

  • Qualitswein bestimmter anbaugebiete (QbA)
  • Qualitswein Mit Pdaikat (Qmb)

 

Both categories represent the top 2 tiers in german wine quality and may only be produced in one of germanys 13 anbaugebiete (wine growing regions)

 

Qmb wines must further be labeled by padikat level (Level of sugars in the grape at harvest) according to the Oechsle scale

–       Kabinett

–       Spatlese

–       Auslese

–       Beerenauslese

–       Tockenbeernausle

–       Eiswein

 

Qmb wines must also carry an AP number which is a series of 5 number indicating the wine has been approved by a tasting panel

 

Sekt = german sparkling wine

 

13 Anbaugebiete of Germany

  1. Mosel
  2. Ahr
  3. Mittelrhein
  4. Rheingau
  5. Rheinhessen
  6. Nahe
  7. Pflaz
  8. Hessische_bergstrabe
  9. Baden

10. Wurttemberg

11. Franken

12. Sachsen

13. Saale – Unstrut

 

Charta – formed to advance the classic rheingau reisling (VDP – accounts for 200 estates)

 

Top of the VDP is the “erste lage” wines – divided by grosses gewaches for dry and the sweet wines. Labeled by pradikat and product of hand harvesting

 

Mosel

  • regarded for its pure light, low alcohol reisling
  • Goldkapsel – indicates additional sweetness due to higher must weight

 

The mosel is divided into 6 regions

  1. Bernkastel – mittelmosel
  2. Burg Cochem
  3. Saar
  4. Ruwertal
  5. Obermosel
  6. Moseltor
  • the soil here is dominated by dark blue Devonian slate
  • the slate and the river allows these vines to ripen well where the average temp is only 8
  • the saar is a tributary of the mosel

 

Rheingau

  • River rhine flows through this anbeguite
  • Essentially one lonng south east facing slope
  • Slate dominates these vineyards
  • Traditional flute shaped bottle known as the rheingau flute
  • Assmanshausen is the center for spatburgunder
  • The rhine is joined by the main river

1 Region with subzones

  1. Johannisberg (asmmasnshausen, reudesheim, johannisberg,winkel, hattenheim, hallgarten, erbach, kiedrich, eltville, hochheim main)

 

Rheinhessen

  • Directly South of the rheingau and is bordered by the rhine
  • Muller – Thurgau is the most planted grape ahead of reisling in the region
  • The premier villages are (Oppenhiem, Nierstein, Nackenheim)

 

Pflaz

  • One of the warmest wine growing regions in germany
  • Also has the rain shadow effect that Alsace has their mountains are the Haardt-mountains
  • Make up of sandstone, calcium based limestone
  • The best vineyards are located in forst

Wine villages (Kallstadt ungstein, bad durckheim, wachenheim, ruppertsberg)

Nahe

  • best vineyards are located along the nahe river, a tributary of the rhine they are sweet in style

 

AHR

  • most of the AHR’s wines are red with spatburgunder being the predominant grape
  • has only one beriech which is walporzheim-ahrtal

 

Franken

  • Home to the bocksbeutal – squat flask shape
  • Silvanner grape does well here

 

Mittlerhein

  • small anbaugebiet that follows the rhine, step slate riverside slopes that are predominatly trocken style Riesling

 

Baden and Wurttembery

  • Baden covers a large region along the French border both regions mass produce

 

Austria

  • Austrias vineyards are mostly confined the the eastern postions of the country

4 wine making regions

  • Niederosterreich
  • Wien
  • Burgenland
  • Styria
  • Gruner veltliner is the most cultivated white varietal. Zweigelt is the most planted and is followed by blaufrankish in red

 

3 levels of wine quality

  • Wein
  • Landwein
  • Qualitswein
  • Must pass a tasting panel and are given a red and white banderole on the capsule

 

Qualitswein is then divided into

  • Pradikatswein
  • Districtus austriae controllatus (DAC)

7 DAC’s

  1. Weinviertal
  2. Mittelburgenland
  3. Traisental
  4. Kremstal
  5. Kamptal
  6. Eisenberg
  7. Leithaberg

 

(PRADIKAT LEVELS)

  • Generic wine
  • Landwein
  • Qualitswein
  • Kabinett
  • Spatlese
  • Auslese
  • Beerenauslesse
  • Strohwein
  • Eiswein
  • Ausbruch
  • Trockenbeernausle

 

Niederosterrieich

  • Largest wine growing region I naustria
  • Most of the subzones are located among the Danube river

8 subzones in niederosterreich

  1. Weinviertal
  2. Carnuntum
  3. Traisental
  4. Wagram
  5. Kremstal
  6. Kamptal
  7. Wachau
  8. Theermenregion

 

  • Weinvertal DAC is located on the hills of the Danube, the cool climate gives their gruner a white pepper note
  • Trienstal, kamptal and kremstal may all produce wines from gruner and Riesling
  • Kremstal and kamptal are all located along the krems and kamp river
  • Wachau is home to many of the best vineyards along the Danube

 

Burgenland

3 DAC’s

  1. Mittelburgenland -> Blaufrankish
  2. Leithaberg
  3. Eisenberg

 

Styria

  • WElschreisling

 

Wein

  • Lies on the Danube

 

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