Australian and New Zealand Wine for Dummies

Australia

  • Australian wine and brandy corporation ( AWBC) 
  • Wines labeled by vintage, date or variety to contain 85% of the stated grape, year or region
  • Defined by geographical indications (GI’s)

 

New South wales

  • hunter valley is considered sub-tropical with 60% of the hunter valleys output being semillion

Big rivers – Murry darling, pericoota, riverina and swan hill)

Central ranges – Cowra, mudgee and orange

Hunter valley – hunter – polkhobin

Northern rivers – hastings river

Northern slopes – new England Australia

South coast – shoalhaven coast and southern highlands

Southern NSW – Canberra district, tumbarumba, hilltops and gundagai

 

Victoria

  • coolest wine growing state, the soils are made up of grey sandy clay as well as red volcanic soils
  • the main grapes include – pinot noir, cab sav, chardonnay and reisling
  • mornington peninsula is a very profund maritime clime

 

Central Victoria – Bendigo, goulburn, heathcote, strathbodie ranges, upper goulburn

Gippsland –  

North east Victoria –  alpine valleys, beechworth, glenrowan, king valley, rutherglen

North west Victoria –  Murry darling, swan hill

Port Phillip – Geelong, macedon, mornington sunbury and yarra valley

West Victoria – Grampiagns, Henty and Pyrenees

 

South Australia

  • limestone coast zone, cool maritime influenzed, coonawara produces the best cab sav here defined by elegance, soft tannins, red fruit and eycalyptus
  • Barossa shiraz is intense, dark red fruit, chocolate

 

Adelaide superzone

Barossa – Barossa valley and eden valley

Far North – southern flinders ranges

Fleurieu – currency creek, Langhorne creek, southern flearieu, kangaroo island, mclaren vale

Limestone coast – coonawara, padthaway, wrattonbully, mt gambier robe and mt. benson

Lower murry – riverland

Mt.Lofty ranges – Adelaide hills, Adelaide plains and clare valley

The peninsulas

 

Western Australia

  • Margaret river is the SW zone and most acclaimed appellation. Semillion, Sav Blanc, chardonnay, Cab sav and Bordeaux style reds
  • Maritime climate and has a lower annual temperature then Bordeaux

 

Central western Australia

Eastern plains

Greater perth – Peel, perth Hills, Swan District

South west Australia – Blackwood valley, geographe, manjimup, magaret river, pemberton, frankland, mt.baker, porongurup, denmark, Albany

West Australia SE coastal

 

Queensland

  • Granite belt and southern burnett

 

New Zealand

 

North island

  • chardonnay, merlot and cab sav. The bulk of the wine is concentrated to the central and souther regions of gisborne, hawkes bay, wairpapa
  • gimblett gravels – deep shingle soils that produces good syrah
  • the regions of the north island are northland, Auckland, bay of plenty, gisborne, Waikato, hawkes bay, wairarapa, martinborough

 

South island

  • chardonnay, sav blanc, Riesling and pinot noir = 80% of production
  • South island regions are nelson, malbourough, Canterbury, central otago and wanaka 

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